Initialization of such static variables is indeterminately sequenced with respect to all other dynamic initialization except if the program starts a thread before a variable is initialized, in which case its initialization is unsequenced (since C++17). Initialization of such thread-local variables is unsequenced with respect to all other. Your constructor has to either take a parameter, set the reference to a member that is initialized before the reference or set the reference to a global Foo object. You can't bind the reference to a temporary (which, even if the reference is const, would only live until the constructor ends. References have to reference something. There is no such thing as a null reference in the C++ language. If the member may not have a value, then it should be a pointer, or a boost::optional or some type like that. A reference must be initialized to reference a valid object.
Member reference initialization c++Note:basically it is. // supposed to be an error. // because this reference. // member p is not initialized. // with some variable at the same. // step of its declaration. A reference must be initialised to refer to something; it can't refer to nothing, so you can't default-construct a class that contains one (unless, as others suggest. C++ language References are initialized in the following situations: 5) When a non-static data member of reference type is initialized using. The list of members to be initialized is indicated with constructor as a comma separated list Reference members must be initialized using Initializer List. In the. Assigning values to const or reference member variables in the body of the To solve this problem, C++ provides a method for initializing class member. Initializing Class Member Variables Problem You need to initialize member variables that are native types, pointers, or references. Solution Use an initializer . When you initialize a reference, you bind that reference to an object, which is not a function call; In the declaration of class member within its class declaration. A reference variable is an alias, that is, another name for an already existing variable. Once a reference is initialized with a variable, either the variable name or. You can store members by reference if they are guaranteed to exist elsewhere. the member variables of your class, or if you are using them to initialize a const. Members of reference types can only be initialized in the initializer list in constructor, because references cannot be rebound. So they have to.
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